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5.2.2.  Species records in the .std file

For each species record, enter these fields on one line:

  1. Place two spaces in the first two columns.

  2. Enter the one-character status code in the third column. This is normally blank, but may be “?” for dubious or “+” for extinct.

  3. Enter the scientific name. The taxon is generally a binomial, but it may include a subgenus as it customarily represented: in parentheses, between the genus and species names.

  4. Enter one slash (“/”), followed by the English name.

    Multi-word names are encoded as “G, S”, where G is the last word or hyphenated group and S is the preceding words, e.g., “Owl, Great Gray”.

  5. In most cases, you're done. However, if this species is involved in a collision—that is, if it is one of a group of two or more names that abbreviate to the same code according to the rules—enter another slash (“/”) followed by the disambiguation, that is, the substitute code for this species.

Here are some examples of species lines. The last two show the disambiguation of the collision for code BLAWAR.

    Anas strepera/Gadwall
    Anas penelope/Wigeon, Eurasian
    Haliaeetus pelagicus/Sea-Eagle, Steller's
   +Camptorhynchus labradorius/Duck, Labrador
   ?Aerodramus vanikorensis/Swiftlet, Gray
    Cygnus (Olor) buccinator/Swan, Trumpeter
    Cygnus (Cygnus) olor/Swan, Mute
    Dendroica fusca/Warbler, Blackburnian/BKBWAR
    Dendroica striata/Warbler, Blackpoll/BKPWAR