Plagiarism is using someone else's work and presenting it as your own without
giving credit or documenting the original source. A work or source can include
both published material (books, articles, websites, movies, videos, dvds, cds, etc.)
and unpublished material (interviews, lecture notes, etc.).
Ann Raimes clearly outlines the ways that writers neglect to credit the sources used in their research papers:
In the academic world, you will be perceived as plagiarizing if you
include in your own essay a passage, an identifiable phrase, or an
idea that you have copied from someone else's work without acknowledging
and documenting your source
use exactly the same sequence of ideas and organization of argument
as your source
fail to put an author's words inside quotation marks
use in your paper long sections that have been rewritten by a friend or tutor
buy, find, or receive a paper that you turn in as your own work (84-85)
When Should You Give Credit?
(Purdue University Online Writing Lab)
When you are using or referring to somebody elses words or
ideas from a magazine, book, newspaper, song, TV program, movie, Web
page, computer program, letter, advertisement, or any other medium
When you use information gained through interviewing another person
When you copy the exact words or a "unique phrase" from somewhere
When you reprint any diagrams, illustrations, charts, and pictures
When you use ideas that others have given you in conversations or
When you are writing your own experiences, your own observations,
your own insights, your own thoughts, your own conclusions about
When you are using
"common knowledge" folklore,
common sense observations, shared information within your field of
study or cultural group
When you are compiling
generally accepted facts
When you are writing
up your own experimental results
To learn more, take this simple plagiarism tutorial created by Ted Frick at Indiana University.
The World Wide Web
The World Wide Web is a popular source for student research papers. Many students perceive information from web sites as being "free"
and therefore "fair game" for copying into the text of an academic assignment. If you use information from an Internet source,
you must give credit to the source in your paper.
Make the Paper Your Own
A paper full of long quotations that are connected with a few words of your own has a choppy style and gives a reader the impression
that you cannot think for yourself. Use your own words to express your thoughts, opinions and ideas. To avoid quoting excessively,
summarize and paraphrase your sources into your own language. (Hacker 575)
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All quotes, paraphrases, and ideas from other sources must be cited in both the text of your paper and in a list of works cited
at the end of your paper. The citation within the text of the paper should refer readers
to a full bibliographic citation in your list of sources.
Guides for various citation styles are listed below.
Selected Science Style Guides
Citing from Full-Text Databases
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- Consult with your Professor
Read the syllabus and the description of your writing assignment. Talk with your instructor during office hours about how to cite your sources.
- The Writing Center @ New Mexico Tech http://www.nmt.edu/~write/
The Writing Center offers Tech students one-on-one tutoring for their
writing projects. Check out their website for available hours.
- Read books about writing research papers and how to cite sources
In addition to the books listed in the Documenting Sources section above, the following books are available in the Skeen Library.
- Academic Writing for Graduate Students - PE1408.S7836 2004
- Bedford Handbook - PE 1408 .H277 2002 [older edition available for check-out]
- Bedford Researcher - Ref PE 1478 .P28 2003
- Electronic Styles: a Handbook for Citing Electronic Information - Ref Z 253 .L5 1996
- Giving Academic Presentations - PE1128 .R442 2002
- Keys for Writers: a Brief Handbook - PE 1408 .R16 1999
- Prentice-Hall Guide for College Writers - Ref PE 1408 .R424 2003
- Writer's Reference - PE1408.H2778 2003 [Student Companion Web site]
- Writing a Research Paper American Style: an ESL/EFL Handbook - Ref Z 253 .L36 1996
- Writing Research Papers : a Complete Guide - LB2369.L4 2004
- Art of Scientific Writing: from student reports to professional publications in chemistry and related fields - QD9.15.E23 2004
- Chicago Guide to Communicating Science - T10.5.M65 2003
- Communicating in Science: Writing a Scientific Paper and Speaking at Scientific Meetings - Q 223 .B664 1993
- Craft of Scientific Writing - T 11 .A37 1996
- Doing Science : Design, Analysis, and Communication of Scientific Research - Q180 .A1 V35 1999
- Essential Communication Strategies for Scientists, Engineers, and Technology Professionals - T10.5.H57 2003
- How to Write & Publish a Scientific Paper - Ref T11 .D33 1998
- MIT Guide to Science and Engineering Communication - Q223.P33 1997
- Writing and Speaking in the Technology Professions : a Practical Guide- T11.W75 2003
- Writing Papers in the Biological Sciences- QH304.M36 2001
- Writing Power : Communication in an Engineering Center- TA158.5.W56 2003
Hacker, Diana. The Bedford Handbook. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 1998.
Purdue University Online Writing Lab. Avoiding Plagiarism 1 April
Raimes, Ann. Keys for Writers: a Brief Handbook. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1999.
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