There will be a pocket at each corner whose opening shall measure from
4-7/8" to 5-1/8". There will also be a pocket in the middle of each
long rail whose opening shall measure from 5-3/8" to 5-5/8".
The balls are 2-1/4" diameter. Generally there are fifteen numbered
object balls in addition to a white cue ball.
The opening break is to be determined by lagging with the winning player
having the option of shooting the break shot himself or allowing his
opponent to shoot the break shot. The object balls are positioned
according to the specific rules of the game being played. The cue ball
is put into play from the kitchen.
Lagging for Break
One player has the left half of the table in which to lag his cue ball
and the other player the right half of the table. The object balls are
positioned as for the opening break. Each player shoots his cue ball to
the foot cushion and the player whose cue ball comes to rest closest to
the head cushion, whether it contacts it or not, wins the lag. If both
players are the same distance from the head cushion the lag will be
Both players must lag at the same time (this is intended to keep one player from determining where the other player's cue ball may stop and hence gain an advantage in the lag -- so long as both balls are in motion before either first touches the foot cushion the timing of the lag is good).
A player will automatically loose the lag if his cue ball: fails to
touch the foot cushion, touches any ball positioned for the opening
break shot, jumps the table, or crosses into the other player's half of
the table. If both players are subject to an automatic loss of the lag
then the lag will be replayed.
Coming Out of the Kitchen
The area between the head string and the head cushion is know as the
kitchen. The head string is not part of the kitchen. When a
player has cue ball in hand in the kitchen the ball is not in play until
it crosses the head string on an obvious attempt to shoot a ball or play
For the cue ball to be put in play it must be driven outside of the kitchen before it contacts another ball or a cushion. Failure to do so is a foul. (The opponent may elect to waive the foul in favor of having the shot replayed after all balls have been restored to their original position. Note, since this returns the cue ball to shooter's hand he may change its position prior to shooting again.)
NOTE If an object ball lies close enough to the head string that
contact with it, by the cue ball coming out of the kitchen, occurs in
the kitchen the ball can be legally played only if it is driven at least
as far as the center of the table. Failure to drive the ball at least
that far is a foul.
Position of Ball
The position of a ball is determined by dropping a plumb-line through
the center of the ball. For balls resting on the table, not jawed, this
will be where the ball rests on the table.
A ball is considered pocketed if, as a result of a legal shot, it falls
into a pocket and stays there.
Balls to be spotted will be placed on the long string after the
stroke is complete (all balls have come to rest). When more than one
ball is to be spotted the balls will be spotted in ascending order
(moving away from the foot spot). When spotting on the long string the
ball will be placed behind the foot spot (between the foot spot and the
foot cushion) as close to the foot spot as possible. If there is no
room behind the foot spot then the ball will be spotted, on the long
string, in front of the foot spot and as close to the foot spot as
The spotted ball will be frozen to any object balls which
interfere with it. If the cue ball interferes with the ball being
spotted the spotted ball will be placed as close as possible to the cue
ball without actually freezing the ball to it.
If two, or more, balls are jammed in the jaws of a pocket, with one or
more suspended in the air then any ball which would not rest on the
table if the other balls weren't there shall be deemed pocketed. The
balls deemed pocketed will be placed, by hand, in the pocket and the
non-pocketed balls will be placed as they were in case they moved (while
pocketing the jawed balls). If a non-pocketed ball, once placed if
having been disturbed while hand pocketing other balls, falls in the
pocket it shall be deemed pocketed.
Frozen Object Ball
If a frozen object ball (be it to a cushion or the cue ball) is the cue
ball's first contact on a shot then at least one of the following must
happen to avoid a foul:
The following are fouls for which the penalty is loss of turn and no count is scored if a valid count would otherwise have been made.
Note: The game room has banned jump shots in order to protect the equipment. Masse shots have been banned for the same reason.
The following are fouls for which the penalties are described under Unsportsmanlike Conduct in the Tournament Rules and Regulations:
If the referee determines that a part of the stick other than the tips was used to intentionally strike the cue ball the player will receive one warning about intentional interference. A second such incident will result in the match being forfeited by the offending player.