Rules for CAROM BILLIARDS
Except when clearly contradicted by these additional rules, the General Rules of Carom Billiards apply.
Two or two teams.
The table should be either 4 feet by 8 feet, 4 1/2 feet by 9 feet, 5
feet by 10 feet, or 6 feet by 12 feet without pockets. Markings include
spots in the center of the head string, foot string, and center string.
There should be two additional spots on the head string six inches on
either side of the head spot.
Three balls are used - one red bell, one white ball without spots and
one white ball with spots (or a yellow ball).
OBJECT of GAME
To cause the cue ball to contact both object balls on the same stroke.
One point is scored when the cue ball contacts both object balls on the
same, legal stroke.
The opening break is to be determined by lagging with the winning player
having the option of shooting the break shot himself or allowing his
opponent to shoot the break shot. For the break shot, place the red
ball on the foot spot, the opponents cue ball on the head spot, and the
shooters cue ball on the head string within six inches of the center
spot. For the break to be legal, The cue ball must contact the red ball
RULES of PLAY
- For any shot other than break shots, the cue ball may contact
either object ball first.
- If the cue ball contacts both object balls on a legal stroke, the
player continues his turn at the table. If contact with both
balls is not made, the player's turn ends.
- If the cue ball is in contact with one or both of the other
balls, the shooter must either:
- shoot away from the ball or balls
- replace the balls in the break position and shoot a break
- If both object balls are within a triangle area formed by a
corner and a diamond down each rail from the corner they are to
be considered "crotched" balls. The player may score without
regard to the crotch area at the beginning of the shooter's
inning, or when one, or both, of the object balls leave the
- If a ball leaves the table spot them in the following order red
ball, cue ball of offending player, cue ball of incoming player.
The first ball is placed on the foot spot (if it is available),
the second on the head spot (if it is available), and the third
on the center spot. If the cue ball leaves the table it is a
foul, however if the object balls leave the table they are
spotted and the shooter continues.
The following are fouls for which the penalty is loss of turn:
- Playing out of turn.
- Accidental contact with any of the balls.
- Striking the cue ball twice or with anything other than the cue
tip (i.e. cue on the same stroke, shaft, hand, chalk, bridge,
- Push shots.
- Making a shot while one of the balls is still in motion.
- Shooting wrong cue ball.
- Not having at least one foot on the floor while shooting.
- If the shooter's cue ball jumps off the table.
The following are fouls for which the penalties are described under
unsportsman like conduct:
- Intentional interference with the path of the the balls.
- Intentional interference with the play of your opponent.
PENALTY for FOULS
The penalty for all unintentional fouls is loss of turn. If a carom is
made on a foul, the point is not scored. In cases of intentionally
interfering with the motion of the balls, penalties are to be awarded as
provided under Unsportsmanlike Conduct in the Tournament Rules and Regulations.
These rules are used by Billy Aardd's Club, NMIMT, Socorro, NM.