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ARMillers Windows 2000 Setup

News Tips Office Updates Anti-spyware Software WinXP PCs/Mags Deja News

Afterward | Clean Install | LAN | Maintenance | Other Tasks | Upgrade

Addr book | Default Sound | Dial-up | DMA | Drive letter change | Event viewer | Japanese | LAN | Last logon |
My Documents | Network | Open-With | OS disp time | Outlook | Outlook Exp | Running tasks |
Service packs | Sort order | Sounds | Sygate | System details | Traveling | Users | User rights | Virtual memory

Web Sites
  • Adrian
  • All-About Install
  • Annoyances
  • Bginfo, System info
  • Bootable CD with Service Pack
  • Brian's Buzz
  • CEAS Installation
  • Cerelli
  • Compatibility Mode, 2, 3, 4
  • Dial-Up Software (NM Tech)
  • Fax solutions
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  • SyGate 4.2 ICS, PDF Manual, Installation
  • SysoptInstall
  • TechKnowPhobia FAQ, How To
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  • Time Synchronization, 2, 3, 4, 5
  • Tips and Tricks, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, X
  • Tom's Hardware Guide
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  • Wilsonmar, Configuring
  •, Keeping Up
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  • Woody's Watch
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  • Microsoft
  • ActiveSync
  • Anti-spyware
  • Browser Service Lan and Firewall
  • Calendar Wizard, Changing, 2
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  • Resource Kit, 2, 3, Files
  • Revert to the Saved
  • Run as (administrator)
  • Run services (registry)
  • Security, 2, Summaries
  • Service Packs, SP2
  • Sort Order Wrong
  • Support Center
  • System File Checker
  • Thumbnails missing, 2, 3
  • Gif toggle
  • Tips and Tricks, 2
  • User Profile
  • Upgrading (MS)
  • Web Accessories
  • Windows Update
  • Windows XP Restore
  • Yahoo! Companion Removal

  • Before Installing
    1. Prepare Outlook Express
      • Delete unneeded mail
      • Compact all folders from File, Folder
      • Check that Outlook Express is set to Leave a copy of messages on server:
        Tools, Accounts, Mail, Properties, Advanced, Delivery Check for 200 to 300 Mb of free space on drive C.
      • Back up Outlook Express mail and address book to another directory. Do not copy the Folders.dbx file.
      • Back up Address book (xxx.wab) to Address Book folder in D:\Outlook Express
    2. Go to ROM BIOS with the Del key on boot and print current settings
    3. Upgrade ROM BIOS
      • Go to eSupport to identify your BIOS ID string
      • Send information by e-mail and await phone call
      • Order replacement BIOS chip or flash BIOS upgrade.
      • Run program to clear battery BIOS settings
      • Shut down, replace BIOS chip
      • Restart and enter BIOS and check the settings
    4. Uninstall programs that will not work with Win2000 or that need upgrading
    5. Remove hardware that won't work
    Upgrading to Windows 2000 -- Also see
    1. Uninstall Norton Antivirus
    2. Uninstall Freezip
    3. Uninstall Outlook 2000
    4. Uninstall incompatible software
    5. Control Panel, Power Options, Turn off monitor and hard disks Never
    6. Remove shortcuts from Startup folder
    7. Run Win2000 CD
    8. Remove software that is incompatible before continuing.
    Clean install of Windows 2000 -- (Also see)
    1. Check that the Win98 startup disk works and that you can access the CD-ROM drive from DOS. (You can make a Win98 startup disk by running fat32ebd.exe. This file on on the Win98 CD at tools\mtsutil\fat32ebd\fat32ebd.exe.)
    2. Fdisk the hard drive. Create a primary of 3GB for Drive C and a secondary for the others drives.
    3. Create logical partitions in the secondary partition
    4. Reboot the computer
    5. Format drive C with the /s option
    6. Format the other partitions. We use C for windows, D for data, E for other programs, F for cache, and G for backup
    7. Put hardware drivers (sound card, network card) needed by installer on drive E
    8. Restart the computer and enter the ROM BIOS with the Del key
    9. Change option to boot from CR-ROM first
    10. Exit, saving settings
    11. On restart, press Enter to boot from CD
    12. Win2000 is set up on C and files are copied
    13. When the computer reboots, press Del or F2 to enter ROM BIOS and set boot back to A:, C:, CD ROM
    14. Exit the BIOS, saving the settings
    15. Leave Win2000 CD in the CD-ROM
    16. On reboot, Win2000 will start up and set location and language
    17. Enter 25-digit product key
    18. Set up Administrator account
    After Installing Windows 2000
    1. Exit the Welcome screen, but you can go back later to register by typing the command welcome in Start menu, Run...
    2. Check monitor and video adapter settings and background
      • Make shortcut to Dxdiag.exe and run it to identify video adapter
      • Right-click desktop and pick Properties
      • Select unique background picture for Administrator
      • Click settings tab
      • Check monitor and video adapter names
      • If correct, adjust Colors and Screen area
      • OK
      • Go back to Display Properties, Settings tab
      • Pick Advanced button
      • Monitor tab, set refresh tab higher than 60 Hz
    3. Install Intellipoint Ver 4 mouse driver

    4. Make an Explorer shortcut on the Quick-Launch bar
      • Find Explorer.exe in C:\WINNT
      • Right drag to the desktop and make a shortcut
      • Right-click new icon and pick Properties
      • In the Target box C:\WINNT\explorer.exe add /e, d:\ so it reads
        C:\WINNT\explorer.exe /e, d:\
        Then Explorer will start with Drive D open.
      • Right-drag the icon to the Quick-Launch bar and pick move.

    5. Set Windows Explorer Features
      • You can see more information about files by changing Explorer
      • Start Explorer
      • Click the View Menu and pick Details. Now you can see the date and size
      • Click the Name column to sort items by name
      • Click the Tools Menu and pick Folder Options
        • Pick the View tab
        • Put a check by Display the full path in the address bar
        • Put a check by Display the full path in title bar
        • For Hidden files and folders, choose Show hidden files and folders
        • Remove the check for Hide file extensions
        • Click the Reset All Folders button
        • Click the Like Current Folder button
        • Click OK

    6. Start in Safe Mode by repeatedly pressing F8

    7. The Task Manager lets you control running programs
      • Right-click the taskbar and pick Task Manager or press Ctrl-Alt-Del to open
      • Pick the Prosesses tab to see resources used by running programs
      • Pick the Applications tab to close non-responding programs
      • Pick the Performance tab to look as CPU usage

    8. Use Msinfo32.exe to determine the system properties. Click Start, Run and type Msinfo32. Also, make a link to it.
      • Search C:\Program Files\ for Msinfo32.exe
      • Create a shortcut on the desktop
      • Rename the shortcut System Information
      • Open C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Start Menu
      • Make a folder named Tools
      • Drag the new shortcut to the Tools folder
      • Win98 and WinXP also have Msconfig that can be used to disable programs
    9. Boot-up Commands
      • Press F8 to enter Safe Mode when starting up
      • Press Del or F2 to enter ROM BIOS
      • Press Ctrl-F11 for system restore
    10. More information is at
      • Administrative Tools, Computer Management
      • System Information
      • Details are under System Summary, Hardware Resources, and Components
      • Get more information Start, Run, winmsd

    11. Set up system sounds
      • Start menu, Settings, Control Panel, double-click Sounds
      • Asterisk=XP Error, Critical Stop=XP, Default Beep=Ding, Exclamation=Chord, Question=Kids, Start Windows=XP startup, except Administrator=The Microsoft Sound
      • Windows Explorer, Start Navigation=Crick
      • Repeat for each user
      • If Default Beep is missing and there is no sound from volume-control icon in tray, see below

    12. Install drivers Win2000 doesn't have
      • Right-click My Computer, pick Properties
      • Pick Hardware tab, Device Manager
      • Look for exclamation points on yellow circles
      • Right click device and pick properties
      • Steer to the software

    13. Set up Ethernet connection. (If traveling, see If traveling with a laptop)
      • Start Menu, Settings
      • Network and Dialup Connections
      • Right-click Local Area connection, pick Properties to get the Connection dialog box
      • Click Show icon in taskbar when connected
      • Sharing tab, no check mark for Enable Internet Connection Sharing
      • Check mark on Client for Microsoft Networks and Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
      • Don't check File and Printer Sharing
      • Click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties button to get the Internet Protocol dialog box
      • Click Use the following IP address:
      • Enter the IP address (porter )
      • Subnet mask is
      • Default gateway is IP address for first three parts
      • Click Use the following DNS server addresses:
      • For Tech DNS servers use and
      • Click Advanced button to get the Advanced TCP/IP Settings dialog box
      • Check that IP and Gateway are correct
      • Click DNS tab and check that DNS server address is correct
      • For DNS suffix put
      • OK, OK
      • Check that X-Win32 works. If you have two network cards, X-Win32 uses the one farther from the CPU. You may have to switch which card is conntected to the Inernet.

    14. If traveling with a laptop

    15. Alternatively, install dial-up software (NM Tech)

    16. Install Norton Antivirus
    17. Right-click taskbar and pick Properties
      • Put check mark for Show small icons in Start menu
      • Uncheck Use Personalized Menus for showing all menu items
      • Advanced tab -- put check mark for Display Logoff
      • Advanced tab -- put check mark for Display Administrative Tools (Administrator)
      • OK

    18. Run C:\WINDOWS\SYSTEM32\dxdiag.exe to identify video and sound cards

    19. Set time for the display of list of operating systems (boot-manager time)
      • Right-click My Computer, pick Properties
      • Pick Advanced tab
      • Click Startup and Recovery
      • In Default operating systems pick "Microsoft Windows 2000"
      • Set Display list of operating systems for 2 seconds
      • Change Write debugging information to none
      • OK, OK

    20. Check for DMA setting of CD-ROM drives (unless you have an IDE controller card)
      • Right-click My Computer, pick Manage
      • In the left pane, pick System Tools, Device Manager
      • In the right pane, click the plus next to IDE ATA/ATAPI controllers
      • If you have an IDE controller card skip the next step
      • Right-click Primary IDE Channel and pick Properties
      • Pick Advanced Settings tab
      • Set Transfer Mode to DMA if available
      • Repeat for the Secondary IDE Channel

    21. Set Event Viewer
      • Right-click My Computer, pick Manage
      • In left pane, pick the plus next to Event Viewer
      • Right-click Application and pick Properties
      • Set Overwrite events older that 7 days
      • OK
      • Repeat for System

    22. Move virtual memory from drive C to drive D
      • Check Used space on drives C and D
      • Right-click Drive D and pick Properties
      • Pick Tools tab and click Check Now
      • Click Start
      • Click Defragment Now
      • Click drive D and then Analyze
      • Click Defragment
      • Close Defragmenter
      • OK
      • Right-click My Computer, pick Properties
      • Pick Advanced tab and click Performance Options
      • Click Change
      • Highlight Drive D
      • Set initial size and maximum size to what they are for drive C (Windows uses twice RAM for initial and four times for maximum)
      • Highlight Drive C
      • Set initial size and maximum size to zero
      • OK, OK, OK
      • Reboot
      • Drive C will now be larger by the former minimum virtual memory size
      • Defrag drive C

    23. Install Wntipcfg for information about IP configuration
      • Download WntIpcfg.exe
      • Double-click to install in C:\Program Files\Resource Kit
      • Make a shortcut to it

    24. Install SP4 at Windows Update
    25. Install IE Web Accessories, ie5wa.exe (Version 5 is OK for Internet Explorer Version 6)

    26. If you don't back up with Drive Image, make an Emergency Repair Disk (ERD)
      • Put a formatted floppy disk in drive A
      • Write Emergency Repair Disk and date on floppy label
      • Click Start Menu, Programs, Accessories, System Tools, Backup
      • Click Emergency Repair Disk
      • Click a check mark in Also backup the registry ...
      • Click OK
    27. Backup drives C and E
    28. Run Regclean

    29. Japanese and other Language Support:
      See Vale for installing Japanese on Windows XP.
      If this character doesn't look like this one Install the Japnanese fonts MSGothic (sans serif) and MSMincho (serif) also Chinese Batang (traditional) and MingLiu simplified)
      • Start, Settings, Control Panel, Regional Options
      • General tab, Language settings for the system
      • Put check for Japanese, Simplified Chinese, Traditional Chinese
      • Apply
      • Insert Win2000 CD and point installer to proper drive

    30. To write Japanese characters with a US keyboard install IME.
      (For Chinese, see Robert Y. Eng)
      • Log in as Administrator
      • Open Control Panel, Regional Options
      • Go to Language settings for the system
      • Scroll down to Japanese and click the box
      • Click Apply
      • Insert Windows 2000 CD and steer to the directory at I386\LANG\JPN so IME file I386\xjis.nl_ can be copied
      • Click OK
      • Don't restart computer just yet
      • Click the Input Locales tab and pick Change
      • In the Add Input Locale dialog box, scroll to Japanese and click OK, OK
      • Remove CD, restart computer and log in as any user
      • Open Control Panel, Keyboard
      • Click the Input Locales tab and pick Add
      • Scroll to Japanese and click, OK, OK
      • Restart computer
      • Repeat for other users but the Win2000 CD is not needed then
      • Put an Encoding button to the tool bar so you can easily change the Japanese coding
        • Right-click the button bar and remove the check from Lock the Toolbars
        • Right-click the button bar and pick Customize
        • Pick Encoding in the left pane
        • Click the Add button
        • Move the location up or down as needed
        • Click Close
        • Right-click the button bar and add a check to Lock the Toolbars
      • For Windows XP
        • Open Control Panel and start Regional and Language Options
        • Pick the Languages tab and click Details.
        • Click Add at the next window
        • In the Add Input Language window click the down arrow next to English and select another language
        • OK

    31. To write Japanese characters (for any user)
      • Start, Settings, Control Panel, Regional Options
      • General tab, Language Settings for the System
      • Click on Japanese
      • Open Word, or create e-mail in OE, or open Input Japanese Text
      • In the system tray, click the EN icon and pick Japanese
      • Change Input Mode to Hiragana or Katakana
      • Set font to MS Gothic or MS Mincho
      • For OE, set Format, Encoding to Japanese (JIS)
      • Type Romaji letters and press Space bar to convert to Kana
      • Press Enter to keep the Kana or press the Space bar a second time for Kanji
      • Press Space bar again to select a different Kanji (there are 26 Kanji for go)
      • Press Enter to accept the current Kanji
      • Begin with letter L or X to get small kana.

    32. To use Japanese menus in Internet Explorer 6
      The Change button is not present in the Language Preference dialog box. The only way to use the International Language Menus and Dialogs component in Windows 2000 is by first installing the MUI for Windows 2000 (Knowledge Base Article - 274358). See MUI. You can, however, set a preference for web page language.
      • Open Internet Explorer 6
      • Click Tools and pick Internet Options
      • In the General tab, pick Languages
      • Click Add
      • In the Add Language dialog box, scroll to Japanese [ja] and pick it
      • Click OK
      • In the Language Preference dialog box, pick Japanese [ja] and click the Change button
      • Click OK
      • (This works with Win98 but not Win2000)

    33. Set the HTML Editor for Internet Explorer
      To make another editor the default for HTML pages
      • Start Regedit
      • Change
        HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Default HTML Editor

        To the editor name, say
        TextPad - Text Editor

      • Change
        HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\ Default HTML Editor\shell\edit\command

        To the editor location, say
        E:\TEXTPAD\TXTPAD32.EXE %1

      • Restart Windows
      • Start Internet Explorer, click Tools, and pick Internet Options
      • On the Programs tab, HTML Editor pick the new editor

    34. Install Winzip
      Then remove icon from system tray by unchecking Include WinZip Quick Pick in the taskbar tray in Options, Configuration, System tab

    35. For Phone Dialer Icon use %ProgramFiles%\Windows NT\dialer.exe
    36. Check running tasks, and startup programs
      • Right-click My Computer, pick Manage
      • System Tools, System Information, Software Environment
      • Pick Running Tasks
      • Pick Startup Programs
    37. Check or stop running Tasks and see performance plots -- right-click Taskbar, pick Task Manager or press Ctrl-Alt-Del
    38. Control Panel, Power Options, set monitor and hard disks time for shutoff
    39. Set AboutTime to run on login
      • Download About Time and install it
        • Options tab: For server: Set time when starting, Exit after For clients, Set time at 120, Start hidden
        • Time Hosts tab: Add NM Tech,
          or -b, -c, etc., Verify Entry
      • Open Scheduled Tasks (in Control Panel)
      • Double-click Add Scheduled Task
      • Add the program AboutTime
      • Perform this task When I log on to run as Administrator
      • Add password
      • More time servers are given at Public NTP Time Servers
      • Also see my list
    40. Install SSH Telnet PuTTY
      • Download PuTTY from putty.exe
      • Start it up and set Host Name to
      • Port: 22
      • Protocol: SSH
      • Under Window, set Rows to 35
      • Under Window, Colours, set Default Foreground to Black
      • Under Window, Colours, set Default Background to White
      • Under Window, Colours, set Default Cursor Colour to Blue
      • Read the PuTTY manual for more options
      • Type rainbow for Saved Sessions
      • Click Save
      • Make a shortcut to PutTTY and add
        -ssh -load rainbow
        to the Target under Properties, Shortcut
    41. As Administrator, right-click start menu and pick All Users to set up short cuts for all users

    42. Install Quicktime, but disable it on startup
      • Start Regedit
      • Go to HKLM,Software,Microsoft,Windows,CurrentVersion,Run
      • Double-click Quick Time Task
      • put semicolon in front of
        "C:\Program Files\QuickTime\qttask.exe" -atboottime
      • OK
      • Close Regedit
    43. Install Shockwave
    44. Disable other startup programs at HKLM, Software, Microsoft, Windows, CurrentVersion, Run by putting semicolon at beginning of line.
    45. Install TweakUI (here too) and in Explorer tab, disable Prefix "shortcuts to" and General tab, Show Windows version on desktop

    46. Set up Outlook Express
      • Start up Outlook Express and check that Outlook Express is set to Leave a copy of messages on server:
        Tools, Accounts, Mail, Properties, Advanced, Delivery
      • Click Tool, Options, Maintenance
      • Click Store Folder and change Outlook Express to D:\Outlook Express
      • Close and restart OE
      • Go to Inbox and set up Toolbar with View, Layout, Customize Toolbar;
        Send/Recv, Address, Mark Read, Mark Unread, Encoding, Print, Inbox
      • If Outlook is installed, Outlook Express will use Outlook for e-mail addresses. To make Outlook Express use its own address book do the following:
        • Open Outlook Express and its address book
        • Pick Tools, Options, Data Sharing, and click
          Do not share information among Microsoft outlook and other applications
        • For more information see: Q156828
        • Outlook Express stores e-mail addresses at
          C:\Documents and Settings\user\Application Data\Microsoft\Address Book\user.wab
        • The location is specified in the registry at
          HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\WAB\WAB4\Wab File Name\(Default)
      • Create one entry in Address book
      • Close OE
      • Search Drive C for *.wab and sort by date to discover name of address book
      • Copy original address book and give it the new name
      • Copy old address book with new name to drive C replacing the new one
      • Start Internet Explorer and check for the default E-mail program
        • Click Tools and pick Internet Options
        • Pick the Programs tab
        • If the E-mail tab does not show Outlook Express, pick it from the drop-down list
        • If Outlook Express is not in the list, close Outlook Express, click Start, Run, and Type:
          msimn.exe /reg
      • Restart Outlook Express and make it the default E-mailer if asked
      • In Internet Explorer, pick Outlook Express from the drop-down list
      • Open the address book and check that it is correct
      • Try to send e-mail to yourself
      • To read an EML attachment, press Ctrl-F3
      • Click File, Export, Address Book to make a backup
      • Click File, Export, Messages to make a backup

    47. Set up Outlook
      To transfer the Outlook contacts to another computer don't simply copy the outlook.pst file, create the file backup.pst and use that instead.
      • Start Outlook on the original computer
      • Click File, Import & Export
      • Pick Export to a File, Next
      • Pick Personal Folder File (.pst), Next
      • Pick Contacts, Next
      • Outlook wants to create the file backup.pst in the folder
        C:\Documents and Settings\USER\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Outlook
      • Replace duplicates with ...
      • Finish
      • Compressible Encryption, OK

      • Copy the file backup.pst to the new computer into the folder
        C:\Documents and Settings\USER\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Outlook
      • Start Outlook on the new computer
      • Click File, Import & Export, Import from another program or file, Next
      • Pick Personal Folder File (.pst), Next
      • Outlook selects the file backup.pst in the folder
        C:\Documents and Settings\USER\Local Settings\Application Data\Microsoft\Outlook
      • Pick Replace duplicates with items imported, Next
      • Pick Contacts, Import items into current folder, Finish

    48. To set the click mode, open Control Panel, Folder Options, General. For the item Click items as follows, pick Single-click or Double-click to open.

    49. Create a shorter name for Toggle Images.exe on the IE Links toolbar
      • Graphic images (Gif and Jpeg) can be turned on and off with Toggle Images.exe on the IE Links toolbar. (Refresh needed).
      • Drag the Toggle Images.exe shortcut left in the IE Links toolbar to make it more accessible
      • Locate the file Toggle Images.exe in C:\Documents and Settings\user\Favorites\Links
      • Create another folder in C:\Documents and Settings\user\Favorites\ called LinkSource
      • Move the file Toggle Images.exe to the new folder
      • Create a shortcut to the original file in the C:\Documents and Settings\user\Favorites\Links folder and name it Toggle Gif
      • Remove the original link from the tool bar by right-clicking and picking Delete
      • Right-drag the new shortcut Toggle Gif to the links toolbar
      • Click the Toggle Gif link on the Links toolbar and then Refresh to turn on or off the images

    50. Install Trayday and Moon
    51. Make a shortcut to "C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Start Menu\Programs\Startup"

    52. Set up other user accounts
      • Start Menu, Settings, Control Panel
      • Double-click Users and Passwords
      • Click Add
      • Fill out User name, Full name, and Description
      • Click Next
      • Enter password twice
      • Click Next
      • Pick access level: Standard User, Restricted user, or Other
      • Click Finish
      • Click OK
      • Right-click My Computer, pick Manage
      • Open System Tools and Local Users and Groups
      • Pick Users
      • In right pane, right-click the new user name and pick Properties
      • Click User cannot change password
      • Click Password nevers expires
      • Click OK
      • Close Computer Management

    53. Copy Mshearts.hlp, .exe, and .chm and Cards.dll from Win98 to a Hearts folder
    54. Download Microsoft Reader
    55. Install Azz Cardfile and change to phone icon at %ProgramFiles%\Windows NT\dialer.exe
    56. To install Lexar Jumpshot
      1. Copy to C:\WINNT\inf
      2. Copy Lexar2k.sys to C:\WINNT\system32\drivers
      3. Plug in Jumpshot and insert CF card
      4. Point installer to these files as requested.
      Microsoft Reader
    57. Install Azz Cardfile and change to phone icon at %ProgramFiles%\Windows NT\dialer.exe

    58. Backup data files at the computer center
      1. Click Start, Run
      2. Type \\ and pick OK
      3. In the dialog box, type username and password then pick OK
      4. In the right pane of the Explorer that opens, double-click your account icon to open the folder
      5. Right-click a blank area in the right pane to get a menu
      6. Move down to View and move over for a new menu
      7. In the new menu, pick Folder
      8. Name the new folder Backup or something more appropriate
      9. Right drag the Backup icon to the desktop and pick Create Shortcut(s) Here
      10. Close the window
      11. Double-click the Backup icon to open it
      12. Drag items for backup to the new Backup
      13. Files in this backup folder reside at the computer center and are automatically backed up each night
      14. To add more items, double-click the Backup icon on the desktop
      15. To retrieve items, drag them back

    Environment Variables
    To set Environment Variables

    1. Open control panel and double-click System
    2. Click the Advanced tab
    3. Click the Environment Variables button
    4. Click the New button
    5. Fill out Variable Name and Variable Value
    6. Click OK, OK, OK

    Regular Maintenance

    1. Delete temporary files
      • In Explorer, right-click a drive, pick Properties
      • Click Disk Cleanup
      • Total file size is shown for various locations
      • Click OK
    2. Check directory structure
      • In Explorer, right-click a drive, pick Properties
      • Tools tab
      • Under Error-checking, click Check Now
      • Click Start
    3. Defrag drives
      • In Explorer, right-click a drive, pick Properties
      • Tools tab
      • Under Defragmentation, click Defragment Now
      • Click drive letter
      • Click Analyze
      • Click Defragment if necessary

    Other Tasks

    1. Change location of My Documents folder
      • Right-click My Documents and pick Properties
      • Click Move
      • Steer to new location
      • OK, OK
    2. Set user rights in Local Security Settings in Administrative Tools
      • Or Control Panel, Administrative Tools, Double-click Local Security Policy
      • Click the plus next to Local Security Settings
      • Left-click User Rights Assignment
      • In right pane, double-click items such as the system time
    3. Right-click start menu and see Explore All Users if logged in as Administrator
    4. Find and change which services are loading
      • Right-click My Computer and select Manage
      • In the left pane, expand Services & Applications
      • Click Services
      • Right pane shows installed services as Automatic or Manual
      • To change setting from Automatic to Manual, right-click the service and select Properties
      • In the Startup type field, pick Manual from the drop-down list and click OK
      • What about changing the following services from automatic to manual? See Tweak guide
        • DCHP Client
        • Distributed Link Tracking Client
        • Internet Connection Sharing
        • Messenger
        • Remote Registry Service
    5. Message title and text for login
      • Administrative Tools, Local Security Policy
      • Local Policies, Security Options
      • In right pane, right click Message title for users ...
      • Pick Security
      • In Local policy setting, write the title
      • In right pane, right click Message text for users ...
      • Pick Security
      • In Local policy setting, write the text
      • You must change both settings
    6. Do not display last user name in logon screen
      • Administrative Tools, Local Security Policy
      • Local Policies, Security Options
      • In right pane, right click Do not display last user name in logon screen
      • Pick Security
      • Click Enabled
    7. Change the drive letter (See Q234048)
      • Right-click My Computer, pick Manage
      • Pick Storage, Disk Management
      • The drives are listed in the upper-right panel and shown in boxes in the lower-right panel
      • Right-click a drive or CD-ROM and pick Change Drive Letter and Path
      • Click Edit
      • Give letter and path
      • Click OK, Close
    8. View CPU usage for processes
      • Right-click task bar, pick Task Manager
      • Click Processes tab
      • CPU column shows percent of time for each process
    9. View IRQ settings and check for hardware conflicts
      • Administrative Tools, Computer Management
      • System Tools, System Information, Hardware Resources
      • Click IRQ to see values in right pane
      • Click Conflicts/Sharing to see conflicts in right pane
      • (IRQ 9 seems to have many conflicts)
    10. To add start menu items visible to all users from Administrator, right-click Start menu and pick Open All Users
    11. To view and change user and system variables
      • Right-click My Computer and pick Properties
      • Pick Advanced tab and click Environment Variables
      • Both system and User Temp locations are here

    12. Find removable Hotfix folders like $NtUninstallQ280838 with Qfecheck
      • Download Qfecheck.exe installer Q282784_W2K_spl_X86_EN.exe from Microsoft
      • As Administrator, install by double-clicking
      • Open Command Prompt (in Start, Programs, Accessories)
      • Type qfecheck to list and verify the installation of Windows 2000 Hotfixes
      • Type exit
      • You should be able to safely delete folders not listed by Qfecheck
      • The following uninstall files are found on a clean install of Windows 2000 Pro with SP3
              $NtUninstallQ320206 (sometimes)
              $NtUninstallQ323255 (sometimes)

    13. Restore lost default sound
      If volume control in the system tray doesn't give a sound and Default Beep in control panel sounds is missing, add a key to the registry.
      • use Regedit to find
      • add another key .Default so it reads
      • Start Sounds and Multimedia in Control panel
      • Click Default Beep that now is back
      • Set sound to Ding

    14. If items in Open and Save As dialog boxes sort incorrectly
      • Open Explorer
      • On the View menu, click Details
      • Click the Name column to sort items by name
      • Click Tools, Folder Options
      • Click View tab
      • Click Reset All Folders
      • Click Like Current Folder
      • Click OK
      • Hold CTRL and then quit Windows Explorer by clicking Close in the upper-right corner of the screen
      • Release the CTRL key
      • Restart the computer

    15. Remove items from the Open-With menu
      You need to change the registry to remove items inadvertently added to the Open-With menu
      • Use Regedit to find
      • The programs have assigned names of a, b, c, etc
      • The MRUList at the end gives the current order of listing in the menu such as acb for items a, c, and b
      • Delete any key, but notice the name
      • Also remove the letter name from the MRUList
      • It might be safer to delete all keys after the letter you are deleting
      • In Explorer, hold shift and right-click a file type to see the menu
      • Add missing programs

    16. Office Templates
      Copy Microsoft Office templates to:
      C:\Documents and Settings\User\Application Data\Microsoft\Templates

    17. System File Checker
      Run System File Checker to verify system files with the command:
         sfc.exe /scannow
      See Q222471 for more information

    18. Thumbnail Views Missing
      Normally, Explorer will show a thumbnail sketch of JPG and GIF files. However, the thumbnails may not show after Microsoft Office is uninstalled.
      • For missing JPG images, use Regedit to associate the .jpg file extension in the registry:
        1. Start regedit
        2. Locate and click the HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.jpg registry key.
        3. Right-click the HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\.jpg registry key, point to New, and then click Key.
        4. Name the new key ShellEx.
        5. Right-click the new ShellEx registry key, point to New, and then click Key.
        6. Name the new key


        7. Click the new {BB2E617C-0920-11d1-9A0B-00C04FC2D6C1} registry key, right-click the Default value in the right pane, click Modify, and paste the following value data into the Value data box:


      • For missing GIF images, follow the above directions for JPG images, but change .jpg to .gif

    19. Clear the Typed URL History in Internet Explorer
      1. Quit Internet Explorer.
      2. Delete all of the values except for the (Default) value from the following registry key:

        HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\TypedURLs

      3. NOTE: Values in this registry key are listed as Url1, Url2, Url3, and so on. If you delete only some values and the remaining values are not in consecutive numerical order, only some of the remaining entries are listed in the Address box. To prevent this behavior from occurring, rename the remaining values so that they are in consecutive numerical order.

    Local Area Network (LAN)

    1. Before setting up LAN check that the Internet connection works. Also check that X-Win32 works. X-Win32 uses the NIC that is farther from the CPU. Switch NICs of necessary.
    2. Connect each computer on the LAN to a hub using an Ethernet cord
    3. Define Workgroup name for Win2000 computer (See below for Win98 computers)
    4. Check Computer Name
    5. Click Workgroup
    6. Write Workgroup name
    7. OK, OK
    8. Set up LAN connection
      • Start Menu, Settings
      • Network and Dialup Connections
      • Right-click Local Area connection, pick Properties to get the Connection dialog box for
      • Check-mark on Client for Microsoft Networks
      • Check-mark for File and Printer Sharing
      • Check-mark on Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
      • Click Show icon in taskbar when connected
      • For Sharing tab, don't enable Internet Connection Sharing
      • Click Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties button to get the Internet Protocol dialog box
      • Select Use the following IP address:
      • Enter the IP address for server or 192.168.0.X for clients
      • Subnet mask is
      • For clients only
        • Click Use the following Gateway and DNS server addresses:
        • Enter
      • Click the Advanced button to get the Advanced TCP/IP settings
      • Click the DNS tab to get the DNS settings
      • OK, OK, OK
    9. Enable Guest user for remote login
      • Right-click My Computer, pick Manage
      • Expand System Tools and Local Users and Groups
      • Pick Users
      • In right pane, right-click Guest and pick Properties
      • Full name: Remote Login
      • Remove check from Account is disabled
      • OK
      • Close Computer Management
    10. Setup Guest user for remote login
    11. Share folders D, E, and F
      • Open Explorer
      • Set up read-only sharing for drive D
      • Repeat for drive E
      • Right-click FTP folder and set up for sharing as above. For permissions, leave X on Full Control and Change
      • Repeat for FTP2 and FTP3 folders
      • A hand should show under shared drive and folder icons
    12. Make shortcut to LAN
      • Start Explorer
      • Open My Network Places
      • Open Entire Network
      • Open Microsoft Windows Network
      • Locate and click your Workgroup name
      • Check right pane for all computers on your LAN
      • Right-drag workgroup name to make shortcut
    13. Send a message to all computers on the network by typing in Start, Run
        net send * Your message here
    14. See Sygate page for home network ICS

    LAN Setup For Windows 98 Computers

    1. Define Workgroup name for Win98 computer
      • Right-click Network Neighborhood, pick Properties
      • Click Identification tab
      • Computer Name must be unique for workgroup
      • Click Workgroup
      • Enter Workgroup name which must be the same for all computers on LAN
    2. Set up LAN connection
      • Click Configuration tab
      • Delete dialup if present
      • Set Primary Network Login to Windows Logon
      • If File and printer sharing for Microsoft Networds does not show in network components, click Add and click Service
      • Click File and Print Sharing button and check the boxes for files and printers, OK
      • Click TCP/IP, click Properties
        • For IP Address tab click Specify an IP address
        • Enter the IP address 192.168.0.X for clients where X is from 2 to 253
        • Subnet mask is
      • Click Gateway tab, type, and click Add
      • Click DNS Configuration tab
        • Click Enable DNS
        • Enter Host name
        • Set Domain to for Matlab
        • For Tech DNS servers use and
        • Click Add for each one
        • Leave Domain Suffix blank
      • Click Bindings tab and check both boxes
      • OK, OK
    3. Felix is at Felix Screenmate

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