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Dog Puppies

Common Redundant Expressions

By Y. L. D.


(Delete the parenthetical words.)


  • (a bolt of) lightning
  • (a distance of) ten yards
  • (a) myriad (of) sources
  • (absolute) guarantee
  • (absolutely) essential
  • (absolutely) sure
  • (actual) experience
  • add (an additional)
  • (advance) planning
  • (advance) reservations
  • (advance) warning
  • all meet (together)
  • alongside (of)
  • (already) existing
  • aluminum (metal)
  • (and) moreover
  • (as) for example
  • ask (a question)
  • (as to) whether
  • (as) yet
  • (at a) later (date)
  • (at) (about)
  • at (the) present (time)
  • at (12) noon
  • at (12) midnight
  • at some time (to come)
  • (awkward) predicament
  • (baby) boy was born
  • bald(-headed)
  • (basic) fundamentals
  • blend (together)
  • bouquet (of flowers)
  • (brief) moment
  • burn (down)
  • burn (up)
  • (but) however
  • (but) nevertheless
  • came (at a time) when
  • cancel (out)
  • (chief) protagonist
  • climb (up)
  • (close) proximity
  • (close) scrutiny
  • (cold) facts
  • collaborate (together)
  • combine (together)
  • commute (back and forth)
  • (complete) monopoly
  • (completely) destroyed
  • (completely) filled
  • consensus (of opinion)
  • continue (on)
  • (continue to) remain
  • (current) fad
  • (current) trend
  • (currently) being
  • dates (back)
  • (definite) decision
  • descend (down)
  • (different) kinds
  • (difficult) dilemma
  • (direct) confrontation
  • do (over) (again)
  • drop (down)
  • during (the course of)
  • dwindled (down)
  • each (and every)
  • earlier (in time)
  • either (and/or both)
  • (empty) space
  • (end) result
  • enter (in)
  • equal (to one another)
  • eradicate (completely)
  • (established) fact
  • estimated at (about)
  • estimated (roughly) at
  • (every) now and then
  • (exact) opposites
  • face (up to)
  • (false) pretenses
  • (fellow) classmates
  • few (in number)
  • filled (to capacity)
  • (finally) ended
  • (first) began
  • first (of all)
  • follow (after)
  • for (a period of) 10 days
  • (foreign) imports
  • forever (and ever)
  • (free) gift
  • (free) pass
  • (future) plans
  • gather (together)
  • (general) conclusion
  • (general) custom
  • (general) public
  • (glowing) ember
  • golden (wedding) anniversary
  • (grand) total
  • (guest) speaker
  • had done (previously)
  • (hard) facts
  • heat (up)
  • (hostile) antagonist
  • (hot) water heater
  • I (myself personally)
  • indicted (on a charge)
  • (integral) part
  • introduced (a new)
  • introduced (for the first time)
  • invited (guests)
  • (ir)regardless
  • is (now) pending
  • join (together)
  • (just) exactly
  • (just) recently
  • kneel (down)
  • last (of all)
  • lift (up)
  • (local) residents
  • look back (in retrospect)
  • lose (out)
  • (major) breakthrough
  • (mass) media
  • may (possibly)
  • mean it (sincerely)
  • (mental) telepathy
  • merged (together)
  • meshed (together)
  • (midway) between
  • might (possibly)
  • mix (together)
  • (mutual) cooperation
  • my (personal) opinion
  • (native) habitat
  • (natural) instinct
  • never (at any time)
  • never (before)
  • (new) beginning
  • (new) bride
  • (new) construction
  • (new) record
  • (new) recruit
  • no trespassing (allowed)
  • none (at all)
  • (null and) void
  • off (of)
  • (official) business
  • officiated (at the ceremony)
  • (old) adage
  • (old) cliché
  • (old) pioneer
  • (old) proverb
  • (one and the) same
  • (originally) created
  • over (and done with)
  • (over) exaggerate
  • over (with)
  • (pair of) twins
  • (partially) damaged
  • (partially) destroyed
  • (passing) fad
  • (past) experience
  • (past) history
  • (past) memories
  • (past) records
  • permeate (throughout)
  • penetrate (into)
  • (perfect) ideal
  • period (of time)
  • (personal) charm
  • (personal) friendship
  • (personal) opinion
  • (pitch) black
  • pizza (pie)
  • plan (ahead)
  • (possibly) might
  • postponed (until later)
  • (pre-)plan
  • (pre-)recorded
  • (present) incumbent
  • (private) industry
  • probed (into)
  • proceed (ahead)
  • protest (against)
  • protrude (out)
  • (rate of) speed
  • recur (again)
  • refer (back)
  • reflect (back)
  • repeat (again)
  • reply (back)
  • reported (to the effect) that
  • revert (back)
  • rose (to his feet)
  • (rough) rule of thumb
  • (rustic) (country)
  • (same) (identical)
  • (separate) entities
  • share (together)
  • since (the time when)
  • skipped (over)
  • soaked (to the skin)
  • (specific) example
  • spell out (in detail)
  • stacked (together)
  • start (out)
  • started (off) with
  • (still) persists
  • (still) remains
  • (suddenly) collapsed
  • (suddenly) exploded
  • sufficient (enough)
  • (sum) (total)
  • summer (season)
  • swoop (down)
  • (sworn) affidavits
  • talking (out loud)
  • (temporary) reprieve
  • (therapeutic) treatment
  • (thorough) investigation
  • together (at the same time)
  • (true) facts
  • 2 a.m. (in the morning)
  • undergraduate (student)
  • (underground) subway
  • (unexpected) surprise
  • (unintentional) mistake
  • (usual) custom
  • (when and) if
  • whether (or not)
  • written (down)
  • (young) foal
  • (young) lad

  • The above collection is from a one-page, undated reprint titled Dog Puppies. The page heading is
    DAY: ECONOMICS OF WRITING and the brief accompanying statement is:

    This is a list of redundancies compiled from business and technical writing that have fallen victim to my red ink. The word or words in parentheses should be deleted.
    -- Y. L. D.


    Two internet references, Escoe/Bliss Communication and Debbie Campbell, identify the author as
    Yvonne Lewis Day


    The following are some of my favorites not included above.

  • (%) APR
  • AC (current)
  • (actual) facts
  • all (of)
  • (almost exactly)
  • (annual) anniversary (year)
  • ATM (machine)
  • cheap (price)
  • CNN (News)
  • cold (temperature)
  • (false) rumor
  • Fast (speed)
  • (head) honcho
  • high (rate of) speed
  • HIV (virus)
  • hot (temperature)
  • ISBN (number)
  • minestrone (soup)
  • (Mt.) Fujiyama
  • PIN (number)
  • rain (shower activity)
  • RAM (memory)
  • reason is (because)
  • Rio Grande (River)
  • Sahara (desert)
  • Sierra Nevada (mountains)
  • slow (speed)
  • small (size)
  • (the) hoi polloi
  • (the) La Brea (tar) pits
  • (un)loosen
  • UPC (code)
  • warmer (temperatures)
  • (year) 2000
  • young (age)
  • Note: The word Redundancy in the British sense means a kind of employment termination.

    Also see: -- Banished Words, Brain Candy, Confusing Words, English Errors, Grammar LadyStraight Dope, TopSkills, Word Pirates

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    Revised: May 2, 2007