Japanese dates

Recent eras correspond to the reigns of emperors. Previous eras do not correspond to reigns of emperors but to what were decided to be `auspicious events'.

Japanese

Romaji

Began

Add

平成

heisei

1989

1988

昭和

shoowa

1926

1925

大正

taisei

1912

1911

明治

meiji

1868

1867

慶応

keiou

1865

1864

元治

genji

1864

1863

文久

bunkyuu

1861

1860

万延

man'en

1860

1859

安政

ansei

1854

1853

嘉永

kaei

1848

1847

To convert a date from the Japanese era to a Western date add the number in the `Add' column to the Japanese year. So for example `shoowa 25' is 1950.

The Japanese government started using the Gregorian calendar in Meiji 6. So the day before January 1 of Meiji 6 was not December 31 of Meiji 5, but December 2 of Meiji 5.