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What is a directory?
- In a Unix file system, a directory
is basically a place where files live, that is, sort of a
container for files.
- When you type the
ls command, it shows you the files
that are in your current working directory,
but there are many other directories.
- A directory can contain files, but it can also contain
- Directories in a Unix file system are organized into a
hierarchy, starting at the root directory.
- When you refer to a file in a command, that file is assumed
to be in the current directory.
- You can refer to a file in some other directory by using its
Before we discuss pathnames, let's first look at the overall
organization of Unix file systems.
Next: What is the Unix file tree?
See also: How to organize large collections of files; Organizing your files
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Last updated: 1995/12/04 19:39:34 UT