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Listing file details

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If you would like more information about each file, use the -l option. Here is an example:

    % ls -l
    total 3
    -rw-rw-rw-   1 john     1659    386 Feb  3 08:15 groceries
    -rw-r--r--   1 john     1659     97 Mar 10 23:46 schedule
    -rw-------   1 john     1659    123 Mar 11 13:39 todo
This sample output shows three files. The fields on the first line are:
  1. The first column is - for normal files.
  2. -rw-rw-rw shows the current permissions for the file.
  3. The digit 1 shows the number of links to the file. This is almost always 1.
  4. The next field, john, shows the account name of the owner of the file.
  5. 1659 is the ID code of the group that owns the file.
  6. 386 is the size of the file in bytes.
  7. Feb 3 08:15 shows the time and date when this file was last changed.
  8. The name of the file comes last.

Next: Finding hidden files
See also: Finding out what files you have; Organizing your files; Controlling access to your files
Previous: Using ls command options
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John Shipman,
Last updated: 1995/12/04 19:39:34 UT
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