Next / Previous / Index / ITC Help System / Publications / Site map / NM Tech homepage

Finding hidden files

Tech Computer Center logo

If you have just gotten an account, and you have not created any of your own files yet, the ls command will not produce any output. This might make it seem that you have no files.

However, there are a number of files present even in a brand-new account. They are said to be hidden files because their names start with a period.

To see these hidden files, enter the command ls -a. Here is an example:

    % ls -a
    .Xdefaults      .cshrc          .login
This output lists three hidden files named .Xdefaults, .cshrc, and .login.

Such files are placed in your account either when it is created or when you first use certain programs. The files contain information about customization of your account and programs. They are hidden so you won't have to look at them every time you use the ls command.


See also: Finding out what files you have
Previous: Listing file details
Site map
Index: Keyword index to help pages
Help: New Mexico Tech Information Technology and Communications: Help System
ITC Publications
To report a problem: File a ticket
Send mail to the User consultant on duty or call them at 575-835-5437
Home: About New Mexico Tech

John Shipman, john@nmt.edu
Last updated: 1995/12/04 19:39:34 UT
URL: http://www.nmt.edu/tcc/help/unix/ls-a.html
QR two-dimensional bar code