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What is an absolute pathname?

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If a file is located in the root directory, its absolute pathname is formed by prefixing a slash character (/) to the name of the file. For example, a file named klarn in the root directory can be referred to as "/klarn".

Suppose the root directory contains a subdirectory named bar which in turn contains a file named baz. You could refer to this file as "/bar/baz".

To form the absolute pathname of a file f:

  1. Start with a slash (/) to symbolize the root directory.
  2. For each directory between the root directory and f, append the name of the directory and another slash.
  3. Finally, append the name of the file.

For example, pathname /red/joe/recipes/mousaka refers to a file named mousaka, located in a directory recipes, which is a subdirectory of directory joe, which in turn is a subdirectory of directory red, which is located in the root directory.


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John Shipman, john@nmt.edu
Last updated: 1995/12/04 19:39:34 UT
URL: http://www.nmt.edu/tcc/help/unix/abspath.html
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