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9. The block elements

When the Block.class abbreviation appears in an element's content models, that element can contain any of the XHTML block elements.

All block elements represent rectangular areas on the page, as opposed to inline elements, which can start or end in the middle of a line inside a block element.

Here are the block elements in XHTML:

9.1. The heading elements: h1, h2, h3, …, h6

Use an h1 element for a major heading within your document. You can also use h2 for a minor heading, h3 for a subheading under a minor heading, and so forth, all the way down to h6. Here is the content model:

Heading.contents = Common.attrib, Inline.model
element h1 { Heading.contents }
element h2 { Heading.contents }
element h3 { Heading.contents }
element h4 { Heading.contents }
element h5 { Heading.contents }
element h6 { Heading.contents }
Common.attrib

All the heading elements can contain the attributes described in Section 15.3, “The common attributes: Common.attrib.

Inline.model

Inside the heading element, use any inline content; see Section 10, “Inline content: Inline.model.

Examples:

  <h1>Many meetings</h1>
    <h2>How to read <cite>Finnegan's Wake</cite></h2>