To cite a reference in your paper, you need to know the reference key from the BibTeX entry (see Section 4.2, “An example BibTeX file”).

There are two ways to cite a reference:

A number in brackets or parentheses, e.g., [42] or (42). See Section 4.3.1, “Numbered reference citations”.

By the author and year, e.g., [Webley-Vickers, 1894] or (Thurber, 1949). See Section 4.3.2, “Author-year reference citations”.

If the preferred style in your discipline is to cite references using numbers in square brackets like [17], follow these steps.

In your

`.tex`

file, modify the line that imports the`natbib`

package so it looks like this.\usepackage[square,numbers]{natbib}

At the point in your text where you want to cite the reference, use this LaTeX command:

\cite{

}`KEY`

The

is the reference key for that citation, as defined in the reference's entry in your`KEY`

`.bib`

file.

For example, suppose the work has the key `knuth1983`

, and it happens to be the 19th
reference in your bibliography. Then this LaTeX
sentence:

The TeX system was first described in \cite{knuth1983}.

will appear in your paper as “The TeX system was first described in [19].”

The preferred style in some disciplines is to cite references using the author's name and year of publications. Here are some examples in context.

See (Knuth, 1983).

See Knuth [1983].

Knuth's 1983 work states….

By default, the `nmtsrsab2012.sty`

style file will use
parentheses. If you prefer square brackets,
edit the line that imports the `natbib`

package to look like this:

\usepackage[square]{natbib}

If you prefer the author-year citation format, there
are several different ways to cite the work. Here are
some of the most common forms, and how they will appear
in your paper. Suppose the work has the key `knuth1983`

, the author's name is Knuth, and the
year of publication is 1983.

`\citet{knuth1983}`
| Knuth, (1983) |

`\citep{knuth1983}`
| (Knuth, 1983) |

`\citeauthor{knuth1983}`
| Knuth |

`\citeyear{knuth1983}`
| 1983 |