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Creating an Icon list of a fixed size

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The Icon function ``list(n, x)'' creates a list containing n elements, all equal to x. So, for example, this expression sets the variable ``totals'' to a list containing ten zeroes:

    totals  :=  list ( 10, 0 );
You can also omit the second argument to the ``list()'' function, and each element will be undefined (that is, set to the null value; see `How does the null value work in Icon?'). For example, this expression sets the variable ``winners'' to a list of 86 copies of the null value ``&null'':
    winners  :=  list ( 86 );

Warning! This statement does not do what you think:

    danger  :=  list ( 5, [] );
You'd think it would set up a list containing five empty lists, but it doesn't. It sets up a list containing five pointers to the same empty list. Pages 76--77 of the Icon book have a good discussion of pointers; see `References for the Icon programming language'.
Next: Finding the size of an Icon list
See also: Using the list type in Icon
Previous: Creating an Icon list with specific contents
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John Shipman,
Last updated: 1996/01/06 21:12:57 UT
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